Tag Archives: Intel

Not Just Another G’: Apple’s Intel Purchase Underscores the Sprint to 5G

31 Jul

5G - https://depositphotos.com/188095512/stock-photo-businessman-using-5g-network-with.htmlEarlier this summer, Intel announced that some 8,500 patent assets (i.e., issued patents and pending patent applications) would be auctioned. Approximately 6,000 assets related to 3G, 4G, and 5G cellular standards, while 1,700 assets relate to wireless implementation of cellular standards. According to initial reports from IAM, Intel was hoping to sell these patents separately from the smartphone modem business, although they were open to the possibility that a prospective buyer might seek to acquire both the patent assets and Intel’s smartphone modem business.

Shortly after the Intel patent assets were announced as available for sale, Intel abruptly took the assets off the market in favor of negotiating with a single interested suitor. Very quickly, news broke that the negotiations with that unidentified suitor were quite advanced, suggesting that the Intel auction announcement was nothing more than a negotiating ploy to get the unidentified suitor back to the table and for the suitor to realize that they could lose the patent assets if they did not play their hand correctly and misidentified the leverage involved in the negotiation.

It has recently come to light that the unidentified suitor for the Intel patent assets was none other than Apple, just as IAM has predicted in its initial reporting. So, now we know that Apple will buy the majority of Intel’s modem business, including the patent assets, for $1 billion.

A Likely Ploy

While not to take anything away from the IAM prediction, Intel’s suggestion that it was their preference not to sell the modem business unit, and only the patent assets, substantially reduced the number of possible suitors to a small handful of entities that could have the capital to pull off such a deal, and who would not need the business unit. The deal would be too big for a patent troll, and it would be too big for many of the smaller 5G industry innovators. That left Ericsson, Nokia, and Huawei as obvious possibilities, and Apple, given it has been known that they wish to enter the modem marketplace and would need patent assets for defensive purposes in order to do so.

Another indication that the Intel patent auction announcement was a negotiating ploy is the speed with which this $1 billion deal came into being. From announcement of the patent assets being available to private negotiations and the assets being at least temporarily off the market to being sold to Apple, the deal took no more than a matter of weeks to conclude. Therefore, it can be said with great certainty that the deal has been in the works for many months, if not longer.

The move is a good one from a strategy perspective, said Kim Chotkowski, Vice President and Head of Licensing Strategy and Operations for InterDigital, Inc. during IPWatchdog’s webinar, “Examining Apple’s Blockbuster Purchase of Intel’s Modem Business for $1 Billion” earlier today. “It helps with business certainty and control and helps to reduce reliance on external partners,” Chotkowski said. The widely held assumption is that the 5G technology and talent associated with the Intel assets Apple has acquired are what drove the sale, although the questions remains as to whether Intel’s technology is really developed enough to be of value. “It will be interesting to see what Apple can really make of it,” said William Mansfield, Head of Consulting and Customer Success for LexisNexis PatentSight, who also participated in the webinar. He added: “They tried to use Intel chips to wean themselves off Qualcomm and that wasn’t successful. 5G is what everyone’s driving toward but whether Intel has the right assets is a question; they have a lot of work to achieve that still.”

Apple Has Its Work Cut Out

Mansfield provided data (see below) that shows Apple’s purchase of the Intel assets will bump it up into the mid-range of competitive players in the telecoms space. This is key as those players vie to be first in the race to roll out 5G technologies, which Chotkowski and Mansfield said will not be the typical jump from one G to the next. The 5G market is estimated to be $2.2 trillion when fully rolled out said Chotkowski, and the speeds and connectivity it will make possible will be light years ahead of the current standard. “[Apple is] getting a seat at the table now, but it’s still one of the minor players. It has its work cut out. It will be interesting to see if they can pull it off,” Mansfield said.

The LexisNexis PatentSight data also showed that Intel’s portfolio development has leveled out somewhat in the last two years (see below), so whether Apple can revitalize it remains to be seen.  Chotkowski, Mansfield and IPWatchdog CEO Gene Quinn all agreed that, as standards develop around 5G, patent quality will be paramount over quantity. While Apple’s purchase bumps up its quality indicator slightly according to PatentSight, Qualcomm still remains far in the lead for size and quality, with Interdigital at the top for quality. Mansfield explained that the PatentSight metric for quality is the multiplication of an asset’s technological relevance by the number of economies/ markets in which it’s protected.

Not Your Average G

Chotkowski estimated that 5G development will overtake LTE/ 4G within the next couple of years and agreed with Quinn that full deployment of 5G technologies to consumers should happen by 2021. All panelists agreed that now is the time to get in the game.

“If you’re not paying attention to 5G you really need to because it’s not just another G,” Quinn said. “The speed it’s going to enable will be otherworldly once fully deployed and everyone starts using it. You have catching up to do if you’re not already involved.”

Chotkowski added: “The 5G market is such an open opportunity, there’s no clear path for anyone, but [Apple’s decision to] acquire all of that information and utilize it internally is going to be worth it. 5G is the way of the future and will be disruptive, so if you want to get involved, do it now.”

Source: https://www.ipwatchdog.com/2019/07/30/not-just-another-g-apples-intel-purchase-underscores-race-5g/id=111751/

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3GPP Burns Midnight Oil for 5G

10 Sep

Long hours, streamlined features to finish draft. The race is on to deliver some form of 5G as soon as possible.

An Intel executive painted a picture of engineers pushing the pedal to the metal to complete an early version of the 5G New Radio (NR) standard by the end of the year. She promised that Intel will have a test system based on its x86 processors and FPGAs as soon as the spec is finished.

The 3GPP group defining the 5G NR has set a priority of finishing a spec for a non-standalone version by the end of the year. It will extend existing LTE core networks with a 5G NR front end for services such as fixed-wireless access.

After that work is finished, the radio-access group will turn its attention to drafting a standalone 5G NR spec by September 2018.

“Right now, NR non-standalone is going fine with lots of motivation, come hell or high water, to declare a standard by the end of December,” said Asha Keddy, an Intel vice president and general manager of its next-generation and standards group. “The teams don’t even break until 10 p.m. on many days, and even then, sometimes they have sessions after dinner.”

To lighten the load, a plenary meeting of the 3GPP radio-access group next week is expected to streamline the proposed feature set for non-standalone NR. While a baseline of features such as channel coding and subcarrier spacing have been set, some features are behind schedule for being defined, such as MIMO beam management, said Keddy.

It’s hard to say what features will be in or out at this stage, given that decisions will depend on agreement among carriers. “Some of these are hit-or-miss, like when [Congress] passes a bill,” she said.

It’s not an easy job, given the wide variety of use cases still being explored for 5G and the time frames involved. “We are talking about writing a standard that will emerge in 2020, peak in 2030, and still be around in 2040 — it’s kind of a responsibility to the future,” she said.

The difficulty is even greater given carrier pressure. For example, AT&T and Verizon have announced plans to roll out fixed-wireless access services next year based on the non-standalone 5G NR, even though that standard won’t be formally ratified until late next year.

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An Intel 5G test system in the field. (Images: Intel)

An Intel 5G test system in the field. (Images: Intel)

Companies such as Intel and Qualcomm have been supplying CPU- and FPGA-based systems for use in carrier trials. They have been updating the systems’ software to keep pace with developments in 3GPP and carrier requests.

For its part, Intel has deployed about 200 units of its 5G test systems to date. They will be used on some of the fixed-wireless access trials with AT&T and Verizon in the U.S., as well as for other use cases in 5G trials with Korea Telecom and NTT Docomo in Japan.

Some of the systems are testing specialized use cases in vertical markets with widely varied needs, such as automotive, media, and industrial, with companies including GE and Honeywell. The pace of all of the trials is expected to pick up next year once the systems support the 5G non-standalone spec.

Intel’s first 5G test system was released in February 2016 supporting sub-6-GHz and mm-wave frequencies. It launched a second-generation platform with integrated 4×4 MIMO in August 2016.

The current system supports bands including 600–900 MHz, 3.3–4.2 GHz, 4.4–4.9 GHz, 5.1–5.9 GHz, 28 GHz, and 39 GHz. It provides data rates up to 10 Gbits/second.

Keddy would not comment on Intel’s plans for dedicated silicon for 5G either in smartphones or base stations.

In January, Intel announced that a 5G modem for smartphones made in its 14-nm process will sample in the second half of this year. The announcement came before the decision to split NR into the non-standalone and standalone specs.

Similarly, archrival Qualcomm announced late last year that its X50 5G modem will sample in 2017. It uses eight 100-MHz channels, a 2×2 MIMO antenna array, adaptive beamforming techniques, and 64 QAM to achieve a 90-dB link budget and works with a separate 28-GHz transceiver and power management chips.

Source: http://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1332248&page_number=2

Cyber Security is Not Prepared for the Growth of Internet Connected Devices

3 Mar

The estimated growth of devices connected to the Internet is staggering.  By 2020 Cisco estimates that 99% of devices (50 billion) will be connected to the Internet.  In contrast, currently only around 1% is connected today. The sheer numbers as well as the complexity of new types of devices will be problematic. Although traditional computing devices such as personal computers, tablets and smartphones will increase, it is the Internet of Things (IoT) which will grow significantly, to around 26 billion units. That represents nearly a 30-fold increase according to Gartner.

Device Estimates.jpg

The industry is in a vicious fight protecting current platforms, such as PC’s from malware and compromise. New malware is generated at a mind boggling rate of ~200k unique samples each day. With the rise of smartphones and tablets, we are witnessing the fastest growth of malware in this sector and expect the complexity of attacks to increase. Security companies work tirelessly to keep up with the increasing pace.
But the wildcards to this equation will be the radical growth of IoT devices which have different architectures, software, and usages. Wearables, transportation, and smart appliances which will grow at an alarming rate. These represent challenges as they will differ greatly from familiar computers and longstanding security controls will need to be reworked or rethought entirely. The processes and tools currently in use by security organizations are not easily extensible to meet the new challenge. This will give attackers a diverse area to scrutinize for vulnerabilities and new opportunities to exploit for their gain.
Security resources across the industry are already stretched thin. It will be very difficult to adapt to the new scope, requiring new tools, expertise, and ways of thinking. The security industry is not giving up and throwing in the towel just yet, but the challenge they face is undeniable.
Product vendors can play an important role by designing and testing products with security in mind.  Such hardening techniques can reinforce both hardware and software to deny attackers opportunities of compromise. Hardware features, software capabilities, and security services must be designed to work together for maximum effect. This holistic strategy is necessary to establish a common front of cooperative defenses. Security services must look ahead and begin adaptation to serve emerging form factors, supporting infrastructures, and user demands.
Perhaps most importantly, the everyday user must begin to take responsibility for their own security. Users have a tremendous amount of control over their security and can strongly influence the industry by demanding proper embedded controls. User behaviors must shift to more reasonable actions.  Not every link must be clicked. Not every survey or request for personal information must be fulfilled. Not every application, including those from untrustworthy sources, must be installed. Socially, we must act with more discretion to protect our valuables.
Our world is changing quickly with the staggering increase of interconnected devices melding into cyberspace. The security risks rise equally as fast. We will face challenges, but it is up to all of us to determine how secure we will be.

Matthew Rosenquist is an information security strategist, with a passion for his chosen profession. Benefiting from nearly 20 years of experience in Fortune 100 corporations, he has thrived on establishing strategic organizations and capabilities which deliver cost effective information security services.

Source: https://communities.intel.com/community/itpeernetwork/blog/2014/02/08/cyber-security-is-not-prepared-for-the-growth-of-internet-connected-devices

Intel Touts New Ultra-High-Speed Wireless Data Technology

27 Feb

Small base stations could achieve huge data capacity increases using Intel’s modular antenna arrays.

Intel says it has prototyped a chip-based antenna array that can sit in a milk-carton-sized cellular base station. The technology could turbocharge future wireless networks by using ultrahigh frequencies.

Intel’s technology, known as a millimeter wave modular antenna array, is expected to be demonstrated today at the Mobile World Congress conference in Barcelona, Spain, says Ali Sadri, director of the millimeter wave standards and advanced technology group at Intel.

Any one such cell could send and receive data at speeds of more than a gigabit per second over up to few hundred meters—and far more at shorter distances—compared to about 75 megabits per second for the latest standard, known as 4G LTE.

For mobile cellular communications, both the Intel and Samsung technologies could eventually use frequencies of 28 or 39 gigahertz or higher. These frequencies are known as millimeter wave and carry far more data than those used in cellular networks today. But they are easily blocked by objects in the environment—and even water droplets in the air. So they’ve traditionally been seen as impractical for mobile devices.

To get around the blockage problem, processors dynamically shape how a signal is combined among 64, 128, or even more antenna elements, controlling the direction in which a beam is sent from each antenna array, making changes on the fly in response to changing conditions.

Several groups are working on such antenna arrays, but Intel says its version is more efficient. “We can scale up the number of modular arrays as high as practical to increase transmission and reception sensitivity. The barrier is only regulatory issues, not technological ones,” Sadri says.

A major problem is finding a way to get so many antennas into a mobile device. The NYU technology used a benchtop gadget hauled around the sidewalks of Manhattan for testing. It steers beams mechanically toward intended users. The Intel chip does the same thing by shaping the direction of the signal electronically, and is now packaged in a gadget smaller than a shoebox.

A number of companies are betting next-generation wireless technologies will need to use millimeter wave links to deliver all the data people want. The European Commission, for example, last year launched a $1.8 billion 5G research effort to help develop this and other technologies.

 

Source: http://www.technologyreview.com/news/524961/intel-touts-new-ultra-high-speed-wireless-data-technology/

The app-ortunity for innovation is endless

2 Sep

Since 1985, we’ve used the word ‘app’ to describe any software program that runs your laptop, smartphone, tablet or smart device. Back then, apps simply focused on things like email, calendars and the weather. Powering into the future, apps are catering to a diverse range of tasks from shopping and banking to social networking. It’s easy to see why we’ve already downloaded over 40 billion apps – a number that’s going to grow astronomically by 2020.

As broadband-enabled opportunities emerge, we are set for a proliferation of devices and a change in the way we interact through apps. In fact, Cisco predicts that by 2020 the average person will own six different smart devices connecting us to over 37 billion ‘things’, from cows in the field to our car or our fridge door through the Internet. Because of the transformation and disruption this ‘Internet of Everything‘ will create, Australians need to start planning for a world where more people, information and things will be connected than ever before. It will make networked connections more relevant and valuable – creating new capabilities, richer experiences and unprecedented economic opportunity for businesses, individuals and countries. As devices evolve and become embedded with sensors, they will gain the ability to communicate. The resulting information networks that form between devices promise to create new business models, improve business processes and open up a whole new world of services.

To help us better understand how these new services will work in our future homes, we’ve released the ‘App-treneur’s Guide to Broadband Connected Services’. It features a variety of perspectives from a number industry experts from organizations including Intel,iiNetFoxtelNBN CoPottinger and NICTA. As well as showcasing industry trends in the future of broadband-enabled applications and services, the report also outlines some of the innovative application ideas being developed today. Over the next month, we will be posting some of the key trends from the report which bring to life examples of the apps we are going to see in entertainment, media, energy and health.

Check out our video on some of the broadband applications we might see in the future:

Source: http://csironewsblog.com/2013/09/02/the-app-ortunity-for-innovation-is-endless/

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