LTE- Advanced (3GPP Rel.11) Technology Introduction White Paper The LTE technology as specified within 3GPP Release 8 was first commercially deployed by end 2009. Since then the number of commercial networks is strongly increasing around the globe. LTE has become the fastest developing mobile system technology. As other cellular technologies LTE is continuously worked on in terms of improvements. 3GPP groups added technology components into so called releases. Initial enhancements were included in 3GPP Release 9, followed by more significant improvements in 3GPP Release 10, also known as LTE-Advanced. Beyond Release 10 a number of different market terms have been used. However 3GPP reaffirmed that the naming for the technology family and its evolution continues to be covered by the term LTE-Advanced. I.e. LTE-Advanced remains the correct description for specifications defined from Release 10 onwards, including 3GPP Release 12. This white paper summarizes improvements specified in 3GPP Release 11. A.Roessler,M.Kottkamp 7.2013–1MA232_0E WhitePaper
Internet of Things (IoT) began as an emerging trend and has now become one of the key element of Digital Transformation that is driving the world in many respects. If your thermostat or refrigerator is connected to the Internet, then it is part of the consumer IoT. If your factory equipment have sensors connected to internet, then […]
Most people today carry their opinions, cash, business transactions, and even relationships in their mobile devices — more specifically, in a host of free, ‘over the top’ (OTT) applications, cluttering their smartphones. Sure, life is more convenient than ever. But this oversimplification of human lives has significant implications for telecom operators like you, whose traditional […]
Web server log files exist for more than 20 years. All web servers of all kinds, from all vendors, since the time NCSA httpd was powering the web, produce log files, saving in real-time all accesses to web sites and APIs. Yet, after the appearance of google analytics and similar services, and the recent rise […]
Vendors and key mobile operators across Europe are already carrying out trials of 5G technology ahead of the expected standardization and commercial launch, which is expected to occur at a very limited scale in 2018. In France, local telecommunications provider Orange and Ericsson recently said they hit peak rates of more than 10 Gbps as part […]
For those who are unfamiliar with our line of work, the difference between open data vs. web content may be confusing. In fact, it’s even a question that doesn’t have a clear answer for those of us who are familiar with Deep Web data extraction. One of the best practices we do as a company is […]
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